Blockchain Workshop Experience

Blockchain Workshop Experience

Hey everyone, I’m Ajink, and in this blog, I’m going to share my learning experience from today’s workshop on blockchain organized by SHAIDS DMCE. Our speaker for the session was Dhruv Godambe.

Getting Started: Installation

The workshop began with the installation of Ganache and Truffle.

Installation Commands and Links

Ganache:

Ganache is a personal blockchain for Ethereum development you can use to deploy contracts, develop your applications, and run tests.

Download Ganache

alternatively you can also use genache-cli

Truffle:

Truffle is a development environment, testing framework, and asset pipeline for blockchains using the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM).

Install Truffle globally using npm:

npm install -g truffle

Setting Up the Project

We started by creating a new folder and initializing a Truffle project:

mkdir blockchain
cd blockchain
truffle init

Creating a Solidity File

Next, we created a Solidity file named init.sol in the contracts folder created by Truffle. Here is the code:

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

contract Init {
    // states
    uint counter;

    // functions
    // getter fn
    function get_counter() public view returns (uint) {
        return counter;
    }

    // setter fn
    function set_counter() public {
        counter = counter + 1;
    }
}

Explanation of the Solidity Code

  • State Variables: We have a uint variable named counter.
  • Getter Function: get_counter() returns the current value of counter.
  • Setter Function: set_counter() increments the value of counter by 1.

Running Ganache and Configuring Truffle

We opened Ganache to start the local blockchain and then configured the truffle-config.js file to uncomment the development environment:

development: {
    host: "127.0.0.1",     // Localhost (default: none)
    port: 8545,            // Standard Ethereum port (default: none)
    network_id: "5777",    // Any network (default: none)
}

Creating a Migration File

We created a migration file to deploy our contract in migrations folder with name 01_deploy_init.js :

const Init = artifacts.require("Init");

module.exports = function(deployer, network, accounts) {
    deployer.deploy(Init)
        .then(() => {
            console.log("Init deployed at:", Init.address);
        });
};

Deployed smart contract on local network

truffle compile
truffle migrate --network development

Interacting with Sepolia Testnet and Remix

After this, we learned how to interact with the Sepolia testnet using Remix.

Creating Vault.sol

We created another Solidity file named Vault.sol:

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

contract Vault {
    mapping(address => uint) vaultBalances;

    function deposit() public payable {
        vaultBalances[msg.sender] += msg.value;
    }

    function getVaultBalance(address _user) public view returns (uint) {
        return vaultBalances[_user];
    }

    function withdraw() public {
        uint userBalance = vaultBalances[msg.sender];
        require(userBalance > 0, "No balance to withdraw");

        vaultBalances[msg.sender] = 0;
        payable(msg.sender).transfer(userBalance);
    }
}

Explanation of the Solidity Code

  • State Variables: vaultBalances keeps track of each user’s balance.
  • Deposit Function: deposit() allows users to add funds to the vault.
  • Get Balance Function: getVaultBalance() returns the balance of a specified user.
  • Withdraw Function: withdraw() allows users to withdraw their balance from the vault.

We connected with MetaMask, deployed the smart contract using Remix, and performed deposit, withdraw, and balance view functions.

Using Truffle with Sepolia

We then performed the same actions on our machine using Truffle with the Sepolia testnet, Alchemy, and our wallet’s private key. We edited the truffle-config.js file:

sepolia: {
    provider: () => new HDWalletProvider("your-private-key", `alchemy-endpoint`),
    network_id: 11155111,       // Sepolia's id
    confirmations: 2,           // # of confirmations to wait between deployments. (default: 0)
    timeoutBlocks: 200,         // # of blocks before a deployment times out (minimum/default: 50)
    skipDryRun: true            // Skip dry run before migrations? (default: false for public nets)
}

We then created Vault.sol in the contracts folder and edited the migration file to deploy Vault:

const Vault = artifacts.require("Vault");

module.exports = function(deployer, network, accounts) {
    deployer.deploy(Vault)
        .then(() => {
            console.log("Vault deployed at:", Vault.address);
        });
};

Deployment

We opened the terminal and ran the following command:

truffle migrate --network sepolia

We encountered an error related to HDWalletProvider, which we resolved by installing the package:

npm i @truffle/hdwallet-provider

We then re-ran the migration command:

truffle migrate --network sepolia

Our smart contract was successfully deployed!

Conclusion

Thanks for reading! This was Day 01 and Day 02 of our blockchain workshop experience. Stay tuned for more updates!

Ajink Gupta
Ajink Gupta

Ajink Gupta is a software developer from Dombivli, Maharashtra, India. He has expertise in a variety of technologies including web development, mobile app development, and blockchain. He works with languages and frameworks like JavaScript, Python, Flutter, React, and Django.

Ajink Gupta is also active on several platforms where he shares his work and engages with the community. You can find his projects and contributions on GitHub and follow his tutorials and updates on his YouTube channel​ . He also has a personal website where he showcases his portfolio and ongoing projects at ajinkgupta.vercel.app

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