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Artificial Intelligence Viva Questions with Answers

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Module 1: Introduction to Artificial Intelligence

Question 1:

What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

Answer 1:

AI refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines, enabling them to perform tasks that typically require human intelligence, such as problem-solving and learning.

Question 2:

What are the two main perspectives in AI, as mentioned in this module?

Answer 2:

The two main perspectives in AI are "Acting and Thinking humanly" and "Acting and Thinking rationally."

Question 3:

Explain "Acting and Thinking humanly" in the context of AI.

Answer 3:

Acting and Thinking humanly in AI refers to creating AI systems that mimic human behavior and cognition. These systems aim to imitate the way humans act and think.

Question 4:

Explain "Acting and Thinking rationally" in the context of AI.

Answer 4:

Acting and Thinking rationally in AI focuses on creating AI systems that make decisions and solve problems logically, based on rational principles, rather than imitating human behavior.

Question 5:

What is the history of AI, and when did it begin?

Answer 5:

The history of AI dates back to the mid-20th century when the term "Artificial Intelligence" was coined at a Dartmouth College conference in 1956. This marked the beginning of AI as a field of study.

Question 6:

What are some of the applications of AI mentioned in this module?

Answer 6:

Applications of AI include natural language processing, computer vision, robotics, expert systems, and more. AI is used in various fields such as healthcare, finance, and transportation.

Question 7:

What is the present state of AI as discussed in this module?

Answer 7:

The present state of AI is characterized by rapid advancements in machine learning and deep learning. AI technologies are being applied in real-world scenarios, and AI research continues to evolve.

Question 8:

Why is ethics in AI an important topic of discussion?

Answer 8:

Ethics in AI is important because AI systems can impact society, and ethical considerations are necessary to ensure that AI technologies are developed and used responsibly, without causing harm or bias.

Question 9:

What are some key challenges and limitations in the field of AI?

Answer 9:

Challenges in AI include understanding natural language, common-sense reasoning, and ethical concerns. AI systems also have limitations in terms of their ability to generalize and adapt to new situations.

Question 10:

What is the Turing Test, and how does it relate to AI?

Answer 10:

The Turing Test is a test of a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behavior indistinguishable from that of a human. It is used to evaluate a machine's natural language processing and conversational abilities in the context of AI.

Question 11:

What role does machine learning play in AI?

Answer 11:

Machine learning is a subset of AI that focuses on training machines to learn from data and make predictions or decisions without being explicitly programmed. It is a crucial component of AI for pattern recognition and prediction tasks.

Question 12:

Explain the concept of "Strong AI" and "Weak AI."

Answer 12:

Strong AI refers to AI systems with human-level intelligence and consciousness. Weak AI, on the other hand, refers to AI systems designed for specific tasks, lacking true consciousness.

Question 13:

What is the relationship between AI and robotics?

Answer 13:

AI and robotics are closely related, as AI technologies often power the decision-making and control systems in robots. Robots use AI to interact with the environment and perform tasks autonomously.

Question 14:

What are the potential benefits of AI in healthcare, as discussed in this module?

Answer 14:

AI can improve healthcare through faster diagnosis, personalized treatment recommendations, and data analysis. It can enhance patient care and medical research by processing vast amounts of medical data.

Question 15:

How can AI impact the job market and employment, and what considerations are important?

Answer 15:

AI may automate certain tasks, leading to job displacement in some industries. It's essential to consider retraining and upskilling the workforce to adapt to the changing job market and harness the potential of AI in creating new opportunities.





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